stri_match_all {stringi}R Documentation

Extract Regex Pattern Matches, Together with Capture Groups


These functions extract substrings of str that match a given regex pattern. Additionally, they extract matches to every capture group, i.e. to all the subpatterns given in round parentheses.


stri_match_all(str, ..., regex)

stri_match_first(str, ..., regex)

stri_match_last(str, ..., regex)

stri_match(str, ..., regex, mode = c("first", "all", "last"))

stri_match_all_regex(str, pattern, omit_no_match = FALSE,
  cg_missing = NA_character_, ..., opts_regex = NULL)

stri_match_first_regex(str, pattern, cg_missing = NA_character_, ...,
  opts_regex = NULL)

stri_match_last_regex(str, pattern, cg_missing = NA_character_, ...,
  opts_regex = NULL)



character vector with strings to search in


supplementary arguments passed to the underlying functions, including additional settings for opts_regex


single string; one of: "first" (the default), "all", "last"

pattern, regex

character vector defining regex patterns to search for; for more details refer to stringi-search-regex


single logical value; if FALSE, then a row with missing values will indicate that there was no match; stri_match_all_* only


single string to be used if a capture group match is unavailable


a named list with ICU Regex settings as generated with stri_opts_regex; NULL for default settings;


Vectorized over str and pattern.

If no pattern match is detected and omit_no_match=FALSE, then NAs are included in the resulting matrix (matrices), see Examples.

Please note: ICU regex engine currently does not support named capture groups.

stri_match, stri_match_all, stri_match_first, and stri_match_last are convenience functions. They just call stri_match_*_regex – they have been provided for consistency with other string searching functions' wrappers, cf. e.g. stri_extract.


For stri_match_all*, a list of character matrices is returned. Each list element represents the results of a separate search scenario.

For stri_match_first* and stri_match_last*, on the other hand, a character matrix is returned. Here the search results are provided as separate rows.

The first matrix column gives the whole match. The second one corresponds to the first capture group, the third – the second capture group, and so on.

See Also

Other search_extract: stri_extract_all_boundaries, stri_extract_all, stringi-search


stri_match_all_regex("breakfast=eggs, lunch=pizza, dessert=icecream",
stri_match_all_regex(c("breakfast=eggs", "lunch=pizza", "no food here"),
   "breakfast=bacon;lunch=spaghetti", "no food here"),
   "breakfast=bacon;lunch=spaghetti", "no food here"),
   "breakfast=bacon;lunch=spaghetti", "no food here"),

stri_match_first_regex(c("abcd", ":abcd", ":abcd:"), "^(:)?([^:]*)(:)?$")
stri_match_first_regex(c("abcd", ":abcd", ":abcd:"), "^(:)?([^:]*)(:)?$", cg_missing="")

# Match all the pattern of the form XYX, including overlapping matches:
stri_match_all_regex("ACAGAGACTTTAGATAGAGAAGA", "(?=(([ACGT])[ACGT]\\2))")[[1]][,2]
# Compare the above to:
stri_extract_all_regex("ACAGAGACTTTAGATAGAGAAGA", "([ACGT])[ACGT]\\1")

[Package stringi version 1.1.7 Index]