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stri_wrap {stringi}R Documentation

Word Wrap Text to Format Paragraphs

Description

This function breaks text paragraphs into lines, of total width - if it is possible - of at most given width.

Usage

stri_wrap(str, width = floor(0.9 * getOption("width")), cost_exponent = 2,
  simplify = TRUE, normalize = TRUE, indent = 0, exdent = 0,
  prefix = "", initial = prefix, whitespace_only = FALSE,
  use_length = FALSE, locale = NULL)

Arguments

str

character vector of strings to reformat

width

single integer giving the suggested maximal number of code points per line

cost_exponent

single numeric value, values not greater than zero will select a greedy word-wrapping algorithm; otherwise this value denotes the exponent in the cost function of a (more aesthetic) dynamic programming-based algorithm (values in [2, 3] are recommended)

simplify

single logical value, see Value

normalize

single logical value, see Details

indent

single non-negative integer; gives the indentation of the first line in each paragraph

exdent

single non-negative integer; specifies the indentation of subsequent lines in paragraphs

prefix, initial

single strings; prefix is used as prefix for each line except the first, for which initial is utilized

whitespace_only

single logical value; allow breaks only at whitespaces? if FALSE, ICU's line break iterator is used to split text into words, which is suitable for natural language processing

use_length

single logical value; should the number of code points be used instead of the total code point width (see stri_width)?

locale

NULL or "" for text boundary analysis following the conventions of the default locale, or a single string with locale identifier, see stringi-locale

Details

Vectorized over str.

If whitespace_only is FALSE, then ICU's line-BreakIterator is used to determine text boundaries at which a line break is possible. This is a locale-dependent operation. Otherwise, the breaks are only at whitespaces.

Note that Unicode code points may have various widths when printed on the console and that the function takes that by default into account. By changing the state of the use_length argument, this function starts to act like each code point was of width 1. This feature should rather be used with text in Latin script.

If normalize is FALSE, then multiple white spaces between the word boundaries are preserved within each wrapped line. In such a case, none of the strings can contain \r, \n, or other new line characters, otherwise you will get at error. You should split the input text into lines or e.g. substitute line breaks with spaces before applying this function.

On the other hand, if normalize is TRUE, then all consecutive white space (ASCII space, horizontal TAB, CR, LF) sequences are replaced with single ASCII spaces before actual string wrapping. Moreover, stri_split_lines and stri_trans_nfc is called on the input character vector. This is for compatibility with strwrap.

The greedy algorithm (for cost_exponent being non-positive) provides a very simple way for word wrapping. It always puts as many words in each line as possible. This method – contrary to the dynamic algorithm – does not minimize the number of space left at the end of every line. The dynamic algorithm (a.k.a. Knuth's word wrapping algorithm) is more complex, but it returns text wrapped in a more aesthetic way. This method minimizes the squared (by default, see cost_exponent) number of spaces (raggedness) at the end of each line, so the text is mode arranged evenly. Note that the cost of printing the last line is always zero.

Value

If simplify is TRUE, then a character vector is returned. Otherwise, you will get a list of length(str) character vectors.

References

D.E. Knuth, M.F. Plass, Breaking paragraphs into lines, Software: Practice and Experience 11(11), 1981, pp. 1119–1184

See Also

Other locale_sensitive: %s<%, stri_compare, stri_count_boundaries, stri_duplicated, stri_enc_detect2, stri_extract_all_boundaries, stri_locate_all_boundaries, stri_opts_collator, stri_order, stri_split_boundaries, stri_trans_tolower, stri_unique, stringi-locale, stringi-search-boundaries, stringi-search-coll

Other text_boundaries: stri_count_boundaries, stri_extract_all_boundaries, stri_locate_all_boundaries, stri_opts_brkiter, stri_split_boundaries, stri_split_lines, stri_trans_tolower, stringi-search-boundaries, stringi-search

Examples

s <- stri_paste(
   "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Proin ",
   "nibh augue, suscipit a, scelerisque sed, lacinia in, mi. Cras vel ",
   "lorem. Etiam pellentesque aliquet tellus.")
cat(stri_wrap(s, 20, 0.0), sep="\n") # greedy
cat(stri_wrap(s, 20, 2.0), sep="\n") # dynamic
cat(stri_pad(stri_wrap(s), side='both'), sep="\n")


[Package stringi version 1.1.7 Index]