Submitted: Gini-stable Lorenz curves and their relation to the generalised Pareto distribution#
A preprint of our (Lucio Bertoli-Barsotti, Marek Gagolewski, Grzegorz Siudem, and Barbara Żogała-Siudem) new contribution Gini-stable Lorenz curves and their relation to the generalised Pareto distribution is now available on arXiv.
Abstract. We study an iterative discrete information production process (IPP) where we can extend ordered normalised vectors by new elements based on a simple affine transformation, while preserving the predefined level of inequality, G, as measured by the Gini index.
Then, we derive the family of Lorenz curves of the corresponding vectors and prove that it is stochastically ordered with respect to both the sample size and G which plays the role of the uncertainty parameter. A case study of family income data in nine countries shows a very good fit of our model.
Moreover, we show that asymptotically, we obtain all, and only, Lorenz curves generated by a new, intuitive parametrisation of the finite-mean Generalised Pareto Distribution (GPD) that unifies three other families, namely: the Pareto Type II, exponential, and scaled beta ones. The family is not only ordered with respect to the parameter G, but also, thanks to our derivations, has a nice underlying interpretation. Our result may thus shed new light on the genesis of this family of distributions.