Abstract. The aggregation of several objects into a single one is a common study subject in mathematics. Unfortunately, whereas practitioners often need to deal with the aggregation of many different types of objects (rankings, graphs, strings, etc.), the current theory of aggregation is mostly developed for dealing with the aggregation of values in a poset. In this presentation, we will reflect on the limitations of this poset-based theory of aggregation and “jump through the poset glass”. On the other side, we will not find Wonderland, but, instead, we will find more questions than answers. Indeed, a new theory of aggregation is being born, and we will need to work together on this reboot for years to come.
Abstract. Citations scores and the h-index are basic tools used for measuring the quality of scientific work. Nonetheless, while evaluating academic achievements one rarely takes into consideration for what reason the paper was mentioned by another author - whether in order to highlight the connection between their work or to bring to the reader’s attention any mistakes or flaws. In my talk I will shed some insight into the problem of “negative” citations analyzing data from the Stack Exchange and using the proposed agent-based model. Joint work with Marek Gągolewski and Grzegorz Siudem.
Abstract. We look at different approaches to learning the weights of the weighted arithmetic mean such that the median residual or sum of the smallest half of squared residuals is minimized. The more general problem of multivariate regression has been well studied in statistical literature however in the case of aggregation functions we have the restriction on the weights and the domain is usually restricted so that ‘outliers’ may not be arbitrarily large. A number of algorithms are compared in terms of accuracy and speed. Our results can be extended to other aggregation functions.
Abstract. Hirsch's h-index is perhaps the most popular citation-based measure of scientific excellence. Many of its natural generalizations can be expressed as simple functions of some discrete Sugeno integrals.
In this talk we shall review some less-known results concerning various stochastic properties of the discrete Sugeno integral with respect to a symmetric normalized capacity, i.e., weighted lattice polynomial functions of real-valued random variables -- both in i.i.d. (independent and identically distributed) and non-i.i.d. (with some dependence structure) cases. For instance, we will be interested in investigating their exact and asymptotic distributions. Based on these, we can, among others, show that the h-index is a consistent estimator of some natural probability distribution's location characteristic. Moreover, we can derive a statistical test to verify whether the difference between two h-indices (say, h'=7 vs. h''=10 in cases where both authors published 40 papers) is actually significant.
What is more, we shall discuss some agent-based models that describe the processes generating citation networks based on, e.g., the preferential attachment (``rich gets richer'') rule. Due to such an approach, we are able to simulate a scientist's activity and then estimate the expected values for the h-index and similar functions based on very simple sample statistics, such as the total number of citations and the total number of publications. Such results can help explain what does the h-index really measure.
Abstract. Choosing between different tournament designs based on their accuracy in ranking teams is an important topic in football since many domestic championships underwent changes in the recent years. In particular, the transformations of Ekstraklasa -- the top-tier football competition in Poland -- is a topic receiving much attention from the organizing body of the competition, participating football clubs as well as supporters. In this presentation we will discuss the problem of measuring the accuracy of different league formats in ranking teams. We will present various models for rating teams that will be next used to simulate a number of tournaments to evaluate their efficacy, for example, by measuring the probability of the best team win. Finally, we will discuss several other aspects of league formats including the influence of the number of points allocated for a win on the final league standings.
Abstract. Since the classic work of de Sola Price the rich-gets-richer rule is well known as the most important mechanism governing the citation network dynamics. (Un-)Fortunatelly it is not sufficient to explain every aspect of bibliometric data. Using the proposed agent-based model for the bibliometric networks we will shed some light on the problem and try to answer the important question stated in the title. Joint work with A. Cena, M. Gagolewski and B. Żogała-Siudem.